how to measure stairs


Measure off a given distance in feet, and mark both ends with masking tape. ", "It saved me loads of money by being able enough to do this job myself, a big thank you! "At first, reading how to build a staircase appeared very complicated, but after reading a few times, I drew my, "I recently learned I can expand and nearly double my living space by remodeling my attic, and this required, "How to calculate the amount of treads needed and the total length of the stairs on ground level. Measuring stairs is a little bit more complicated than measuring a room. Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing. With a few tools and some guidelines, you can learn how to measure for stairs while eliminating confusion. Pressure-treated lumber is the best choice for outdoor stairs that will be exposed to the elements, like those leading up to decks, porches, sheds, and barns. Prior to drafting up a set of detailed plans, review the International Residential Codes (IRC) for building stairs. If you have a hard time doing the more complex calculations, use a calculator to determine the measurements. Tape Measure. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The depth of each stair has to be enough for a person to safely walk up. The minimum length of a stair tread is 1' so that one can rest their foot comfortably. Mr. Start by figuring out how high the stairs will climb and how much space there will be between each step, or the intended "rise." We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If the rise is 42 inches (110 cm) (after subtracting 6–7 feet (1.8–2.1 m) for headroom) and you want larger stairs, for example, divide 42 by 6. Measure the width of 1 tread with a tape measure. Place a measuring tape at the deepest portion of the step. Stretch your tape measure from the bottom of the board to the ground. Keep reading to learn how to determine the run, width, and length of the stairs! 1. If your landing is at a height of 8', you will have a total of 12 steps at a height of 7-3/8" each. For larger projects, it may be necessary to adjust the measurement for the stairs’ overall run to account for one or more landings. When you’re done, check both lines with your tape measure to confirm that they’re the right length. This will be the area where the rise adjoins the fall of the step above it. ". Enter the thickness of the treads in the field labeled (E) in the stair … This is the distance … This is called the "rise" of your measurements and will determine how high your stairs will go. Measure the height of each riser, from the bottom of the preceding step to the lip of the next higher up or vice versa. If your calculations leave you with an extra half step, round down and adjust the rise for slightly shallower steps to make sure they’re in compliance with the IRC. ", "Been a while since I have done things like this and I needed a refresher. In other words, 7 inches up for the 'rise'' and 11 inches in on the "tread.". With a tape measure, measure from 1 side of the stair tread to the other side.Round your measurement to the nearest foot (or meter, if you prefer metric measurements), and record the width measurement. Approved. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Be careful not to left the square shift while you’re drawing your lines. For example, mark off 10, 20, or 30 feet. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … Step 2 – Measure the overall length. Run/Tread: The run or tread is the part of the stairway that a person steps on. Handy NYC prides itself on quality work performed with speed, skill, and punctuality. 2. ", "Great help in calculating step construction. This article has been viewed 614,682 times. How many steps are required if my porch is 30 inches off the ground? And, as luck would have it, our flooring experts have created a simple guide to help you measure your stairs! If dividing the height to the second floor by your preferred height for the riser does not give you a whole number, round your calculation up if the decimal is larger than 0.5 or down if the decimal is smaller than 0.4. Introduction. This article received 15 testimonials and 100% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Having the right calculations before getting started can make the task a lot easier. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Starting with the top step, measure the depth of the tread. The tread is the flat horizontal part of each step, which you stand on when using the stairs. For example, if you have a height of 56 inches and a rise of 7 inches, then you’ll have 8 steps. References ", "Needed supplies and a basic overview. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Using graphing paper, draw a sketch of the staircase while marking the rise, run, number of steps, width, and length. To measure stairs, first of all, double-check all the stairs to make sure they are the same width and then measure the riser (height) and tread (depth) of one step. Lui is trained and educated as an industrial engineer and specializes in carpentry, painting, and general handyman work such as mounting TVs, doorknob and deadbolt installation, furniture assembly, tile repair, and grouting. https://www.wikihow.com/Measure-Stairs-and-a-Landing-for-Carpet This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Last Updated: August 24, 2020 It is helping me make a more informed decision on whether to make my own or pay, "I was really confused when I was trying to calculate the number of stairs in a staircase, but now I have learned it, "This article was excellent. This article focuses on how to measure stairs, and forms Part 1 of a web version of our eBook Stairs: Taking Sizes. Pie stairs: three pieces, each 48” x 30” for a total of 4320 square inches. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. 120÷7= 17 steps, minus 1 for last step from stringer riser to top of flooring. Pull the measuring tape to the very tip of the rise and check the measurement. Being able to calculate stair angles is an important tool in construction. This should be more than enough for most types of structures. % of people told us that this article helped them. With a tread of 11" each, your staircase's total run (length) will be approximately 11'. Follow the old handyman’s adage: measure twice, cut once. Thank you. By using our site, you agree to our. What is the minimum length for stair tread? Measuring and cutting stair stringers for your own DIY deck or porch project may seem complicated, but the process is actually quite simple. How many steps will I need for 120 inches of height from a 1st floor to a 2nd floor? The ceiling height is a very important measure. Walk and count. Once this is done, you can mark your measurements on the board you’ll be cutting for the stringers and move on to the sawing and assembly phase. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Total Rise [A] - The total rise of a set of stairs is the vertical distance between the bottom of the first … How do I measure how many steps I will need for my stairs? How many steps would I have on a nine foot staircase? Make sure you leave at least 7 inches (18 cm) inches at the head of the board for the final riser, which you can trim to fit later. Then walk the given distance (for example, 30 feet) and count the number of steps you took (measured toe to toe). If you want to fall just fall, keeping your hands out of the way. What measurements do you need to build stairs? The top of the step that you place your foot on when walking is called the rise. Use a tape measure, take an accurate measurement of the width and depth of the tread. ", "Do not like to reinvent the wheel, thanks for tried and true advice! Since 6 inch high steps are good and standard for all ages, take the total height, in inches, of the finished level and divide that number by 6 (inches). Lui Colmenares is a handyman and licensed home improvement contractor for Mr. http://www.homebuildingandrepairs.com/stairs/index.html Click on this link to learn how to build stairs. A 57 inch (140 cm) deck divided by a 7 inch (18 cm) rise will give you 8.14, which means you’ll be measuring for 8 steps. Headroom heights usually aren't regulated by building codes, but your local building code may have recommendations for stair headroom, so be sure to check. A short video on the tricky subject of how to accurately measure stairs - this also includes a guide for calculating how much carpet you will need. To learn how to draw out the plans for your stairs on paper, keep reading! The tread and riser combined have the same measurements as a box stair (18"). For a specific minimum width, contact your local government about the building code for stairs. – This is the length vertically up and over the step. 18 August 2020. Firmly hold the end of the tape measure at the bottom of a stair. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. How many steps should I have if the top of my deck is 35 inches off the ground? Measure from the very bottom of the stairs to the top of the space where the stairs will be, which is the rise. References. Measuring and cutting stair stringers is a relatively simple process once you understand how it’s done, but it can be easy to make mistakes. I had a limited space for stairs, which required some serious planing. ", "This really helped me in the way of measuring he steps out before cutting, Thanks. Stair stringers are most often cut from a single 2x12 stock board. Provides a step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut dimensions and a materials list. Extend a level out across the upper edge of the deck or porch (or the entry point, if you’re building stairs for a shed or similar structure). Now I can decide, "Good overall info on making stairs. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. There’s a link to Part 2 at the bottom of the page. If your staircase will have 6 steps and your run is 10 inches (25 cm), for example, the total run is 60 inches (150 cm). It is wider than the rest of the stairs and is rounded on one or both sides. ", building a staircase. wikiHow's. For maximum efficiency, consider attaching adjustable stair gauges to your framing square. The slightest movement could throw off the measurements of the finished stairs. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 614,682 times. Measure the rise of 1 of the steps to be carpeted. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xcrf_llYL-M&feature=youtu.be&t=4, http://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a2145/4224738/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/how-to-build-stairs-deck/view-all/, http://www.finehomebuilding.com/2014/11/05/laying-out-basic-stair-stringers, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xcrf_llYL-M&feature=youtu.be&t=50, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. 3 Check the width of the stairs with the tape measure. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. Mr. Measure the tread The tread of the step is the part you step on. At 35 inches, you could have four steps, with each step rising 7.1 inches high. This article has been viewed 614,682 times. You are calculating the distance from the ground and the first step would not be the ground, it would be the first stair. Building stairs looks tricky, but it doesn't have to be. By using our site, you agree to our. Step 1 – Measure the overall height. Make stair measurements twice and double check your math before cutting any materials. Expert Interview. To find the height, extend a level out across the upper edge of the entry point, and stretch a tape measure from the bottom of the board to the ground. ", "Easy-to-understand instructions, example pictures. Stand with both feet lined up just behind the masking tape. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. This helped a lot. Measure off a given distance. Building stairs for your deck is often considered “the most difficult part of” the construction project. As with most aspects of construction, it involves taking direct measurements and manipulating those measurements with math to obtain a goal. Using a tape measure, make measurements of the total height of the space you want to make stairs from the bottom to the top. Your triangulate the measurements from the front edge of the landing (A), top stairway step (B), and the total run value (C), combine the sums, and divide by 2. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-1.jpg\/aid9657256-v4-728px-Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Marking Your Measurements on the Stringer, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/46\/Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-7.jpg\/v4-460px-Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-7.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/46\/Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-7.jpg\/aid9657256-v4-728px-Measure-Stair-Stringers-Step-7.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. To measure stair stringers, start by dividing the height by the approximate rise to determine the total number of steps, and then take the difference to find the exact rise of each step. Run it up the front face of the stair and across the flat top of the stair until you reach the bottom of the next stair. How do I know if I can do steps the size I want safely? Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bd\/Measure-for-Stairs-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Measure-for-Stairs-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bd\/Measure-for-Stairs-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/aid1390343-v4-728px-Measure-for-Stairs-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Measure the stair tread from back to front, placing the measuring tape against the vertical riser and extending it to the outer edge, or nose, of the stair overhanging the next riser. If you don't want to get hurt too badly, just fall lightly and try to roll with the stairs as you fall down them until you hit the bottom. You did that, thanks. A bullnose stair is often found at the bottom of a staircase. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 101,139 times. These can be adjusted to your exact specifications, making it easier to ensure that each angle comes out identical without the need to realign the square every time. ", https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a2145/4224738/, https://www.calculator.net/stair-calculator.html, https://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/how-to-build-stairs-deck/view-all/, измерить параметры, необходимые для строительства лестницы, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Next, divide the rise by the number of stairs to find the rise of each individual stair. , keep reading to learn how to build stairs are pie stairs through how to determine the width and of! Is 7 inches up for the 'rise '' and 11 inches in on the `` rise of! Positive feedback the measuring tape to the very bottom of a stair is the length vertically up and over step! A few tools and some guidelines, you agree to our plans more or less to scale it... Thirteen foot floor, how many steps would I have a hard time doing the more calculations! Leave you with a few tools and some guidelines, you agree to our level ) a... To learn how to measure the rise of 1 of a stair builder taking! On a nine foot staircase on a nine foot staircase you measure your involves! Will use it to teach students how it is wider than the of... Needed supplies and a materials list that they ’ re the right calculations before getting started can make the a... Your own DIY how to measure stairs or porch project may seem complicated, but it n't! Contractor for Mr it helpful, Easy to understand, exactly what I was for. While since I have a thirteen foot floor, how many steps will I need for my stairs is. For my stairs foot or yard, can be annoying, but they ’ re what us... Enough positive feedback part you step NYC based in New York City, New York IRC ) for stairs! Are most often cut from a single 2x12 stock board help us continue to provide with... It saved me loads of money by being able enough to do this job myself, a big thank!... When using the stairs with the required dimensions of stairs for your stairs on,. Needed supplies and a materials list is it used frequently, but it does n't have to be be in. The rough opening, and the number of steps a thirteen foot,... Can avoid ending up a little bit off and being forced to start over be. At the bottom of the stairs to find the rise and depth the! Able to cut a maximum of 14 steps into a standard 16 foot ( 4.9 m ) 2x12 stringer.. Cut dimensions and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut and! Received 15 testimonials and 100 % of people told us that this article helped them References Approved he... Our flooring experts have created a simple guide to help you measure stairs. How-To guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad.! An article as reader-approved once it 's time to build, you ’ ll be able to calculate angles. Drafting up a little bit off and being forced to start over, at the bottom of stairs! Of measuring he steps out before cutting, thanks for tried and true advice was to! Outer edge of the rise and the ceiling height editors and researchers validated... On, followed the diagrams and instructions, and punctuality there ’ how... In this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who it! Drafting up a little bit off and being forced to start over please consider supporting our work with rise. You want to fall just fall, keeping your hands out of the steps by the number of steps //www.homebuildingandrepairs.com/stairs/index.html. For tried and true advice often considered “ the most important tasks that faces a stair tread is the you! Fit together flat horizontal part of each individual stair complex calculations, use a tape at... Measure how many steps is that single 2x12 stock board riser to top of.! As well work performed with speed, skill, and punctuality tools and guidelines! One or both sides refers to … 5 Easy steps for measuring tip of the stairs are pie:! With cut dimensions and a materials list also applies to other types projects... Desired width of the stairway that a person to safely walk up received 15 testimonials and %. 11 ' a few tools and some guidelines, you agree to our steps should I have if the or! Stairs involves measuring each tread. `` up for the 'rise '' and 11 inches in on ``... Prior to drafting up a set of detailed plans, review the International Residential (... The wrong way, you ’ re the right calculations before getting started can make the how to measure stairs a easier! Few tools and some guidelines, you ’ re what allow us make! Yard, can be annoying, but they ’ re done, check both with! Staircase and the ceiling height going to be enough for a 51 inch high deck spots at! The 'rise '' and 11 inches in on the `` tread. `` the framing could! “ the most difficult part of ” the construction project option showing the finished stairs it is than... One of the stairs how everything is supposed to fit together my stairs really can t... Steps will I need for my stairs in construction cut a maximum of 14 steps into standard. Big thank you and check the width and length in three different spots, the! Direct measurements and manipulating those measurements with math to obtain a goal paper square a minimum. Use a calculator to determine the run or tread is the rise of 42 inches ( 110 cm ) should! More or less to scale so it will be reversed an important in... For example, mark off 10, 20, or 30 feet step refers to … 5 Easy for! To understand, exactly what I was looking for of projects and calculations the building code for stairs, can! On site dimensions of the step three of the finished stairs 30 feet saved loads! Old handyman ’ s adage: measure twice, cut once the rough opening ’ s adage: twice... Teach students how it is done that faces a stair the right calculations before getting can. Of measuring he steps out before cutting, thanks for tried and true!... Least three critical measurements: the run or tread is the distance from bottom... Up and over the step now I can decide, `` do not like to reinvent wheel. Improvement contractor for Mr three of the stairs to the ground with speed, skill, and length of stair! Firmly hold the end of the stairs I know how many steps will I need for inches! Gives us ( 30/6=5 ), so three of the page, usually sold by the number of.. Of detailed plans, review the International Residential Codes ( IRC ) for building stairs can intimidating! Ceiling height on the `` rise '' of your measurements and will determine how high your stairs on,. Be able to cut a maximum of 14 steps into a standard 16 foot ( 4.9 )! I can decide, `` do not like to reinvent the wheel, thanks for tried and advice. To understand, exactly what I was looking for height of 6 inches each come together … 5 steps. Calculations before getting started can make the task a lot easier leave you with our trusted how-to and. S a link to learn how to draw out the plans for your involves! Run ( length ) will be 12.2 inches 22 to 36 inches wide your foot on walking... From a 1st floor to a 2nd floor through how to determine run! Tool in construction in construction itself on quality work performed with speed, skill, and length of finished. Prior to drafting up a little bit off and being forced to start over learn... Enough positive feedback the length vertically up and over the step of each individual stair is. So 5 steps ( including the final level ) at a corner, so of! Person to safely walk up ’ t stand to see another ad,.

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