john 9:3 meaning


9:3 i{na here can indicate either purpose or result. That the works of God should be manifest in him ... John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Jesus answered, neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents, but that the works of God should be manifest in him, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents, But that the works of God should be made manifest in him, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, αλλ ινα πανερωτηι τα εργα του τεου εν αυτωι, all' hina phanerōthēi ta erga tou theou en autōi, Neither did this man sin, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, "Only God knows why babies are born with handicaps, and only God can turn those handicaps into something that will bring good to the people and glory to His name. 2013. The man's insight has grown tremendously. Jesus answered, neither hath this man sinned, nor his. Bibliography"Commentary on John 9:3". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-9.html. Jesus' reply did not mean that either the man or his parents were sinless but that they were guilty of no sin that had caused the blindness. "Commentary on John 9:3". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-9.html. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Lets’ take a look at John 9:4-5 together. "Commentary on John 9:3". Home » Ask a Bible Teacher » Explaining John 9:1-3. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. BibliographyBurkitt, William. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 9:3". xliv. The expression must be left in this general form (it first acquires its more exact force in John 9:4); it denotes the entire category of which such miraculous healings were a particular species; hence the works of God were set forth and brought to light in this concrete case, to wit, in the man ( ἐν αὐτῷ) who experienced the divine miraculous power. John 9:2 And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus' disciples assume that the man they've passed by (John 9:1–2) must be blind as a punishment for something. 1765. The man is healed. Rather God had permitted it so He might display His work in this man"s life. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents — It was not the manner of our Lord to answer any questions that were of no use, but to gratify an idle curiosity. Nor was it intended to mean that God deliberately made the man blind for this purpose. Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him: - q.d., 'The cause was neither in himself nor his parents, but in order to the manifestation of "the works of God" in his sure.'. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents -. What I can say is that the original of John 9:3 is at least a little bit vague as to exactly how it should be interpreted. Neither … this man, etc. "Commentary on John 9:3". And parallel with this reference to the creating works of God, there follows the reference to Genesis 2:7 in ver. Christ's answer must not be understood absolutely, as if he denied this man and his parents to be guilty of sin, for both he and they had sin enough, not only to deserve temporal blindness, but eternal darkness. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.” (John 3:8) https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-9.html. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. He does not, say a single work, but uses the plural number, works; for, so long as he was blind, there was exhibited in him a proof of the severity of God, from which others might learn to fear and to humble themselves. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. The meaning is, that in afflicting this man, the Lord did not so much respect his or his parents sin, as the manifestation of his own glory, in this miraculous cure. Joh 9:3 Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, ... Learning this truth alone changes your perspective on the entire story of the blind man in John 9. And turn to the purposes and plans of God. We see the wise and wonderful arrangement of Divine Providence. But that the works of God - This thing has happened that it might appear how great and wonderful are the works of God. It is so in this instance. The meaning of the whole verse (which is unusually elliptical) may be given thus: ‘Neither did this man sin nor his parents that he should be born blind, but (he was born blind,—he is as he is) that the works of God may be manifested in him.’ Not to suggest or unravel speculative questions, but to present a sphere for the manifestation of the works of God, hath this man borne this infirmity. And this is what I have already said, that God has sometimes another object in view than to punish the sins of men, when he sends afflictions to them. Go to. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-9.html. Including not only the miracle but its effects. The works of God in ver. think, I pray you, in how many cases in life such events are perpetually occurring? John 9:3 3"Neither this man nor his parents sinned," said Jesus, "but this happened so that the works of God might be displayed in him. p. 201, the ἔργα θ. are spiritual operations, namely, the enlightenment of the world, symbolically set forth by this healing of the blind. Winer, p. 398. φανερωθῇ. 1 And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth. 1983-1999. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. This answer is to be interpreted by the nature of the question submitted to him. A man who “sat and begged” (John 9:8, see Pool of Siloam) near the temple. Evil cannot be resolved into a higher good: it is the result of the choice exercised by freedom, and without freedom goodness could not be virtue. Hence ἵνα φανερ., etc., is a thought which contains the true nature of the Theodicy for all sufferings. We should be cautious, therefore, in affirming that there can be no calamity in the universe but by transgression. John 9:4. g.— ἀλλʼ, but) Comp. It shows us what the Prologue has already told us: that he is the One sent from God to be the light of the world." 3. (a) Christ reasons here as his disciples thought, who presupposed that no diseases came except for the reason of sins: as a result of this he answers that there was another cause of this man's blindness, and that was in order that God's work might be seen. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". ‘Jesus answered, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but that the works of God might be revealed clearly in him.”. Jesus answered, Neither did this man sin, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him. [On ἕως in N.T. And in this very instance, our Lord's doctrine in this particular is proved. For both he and his parents had sinned; but the meaning is, that this blindness was not a penal blindness inflicted in punishment of any sin either himself or his parents had committed; but, as is afterwards subjoined, it was sent him for the manifestation of the glory of God. A man who “sat and begged” (John 9:8, … "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 1878. He will trace it back to the region of the divine counsel, where purpose and result are one. But that the works of God, &c.] Hinc Alexander Ales, Poena, inquit, duplicem habet ordinationem, Unam ad culpam, quae praecedit; alteram ad gloriara, quam praecedit. Laying on of hands, command, mud on eyes, fingers in ears, etc. Jesus answered. Whence note, 1. Thus the punishment inflicted upon him, born in sin, by the Divine righteousness, was at the same time the greatest blessing, and the highest manifestation of the love of his God. It is also wrong to conclude that God permits every instance of suffering because He intends to relieve it miraculously. "Commentary on John 9:3". The last clause of the verse does not simply mean that a miracle is to be wrought on him: ‘in him’—alike in his physical (John 9:6-7) and in his spiritual healing (John 9:36-38)—the love and grace of God are to be made manifest. 1832. 2.All suffering in the world is not the effect of sin. It is obvious at once that Jesus does not deny the presence of sin in the man himself or in his parents: His words must be read in close connection with the question to … 1 * As he passed by he saw a man blind from birth. After αὐτοῦ supply ἵνα τυφ. Christ doth not deny but that a man's own sin, and the sin of his parents, may be the procuring cause of blindness; but that neither the one nor the other was the cause in that man's case; but that the power and mercy of God might be seen in restoring this man to his sight, therefore was he born blind. Q2. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". οὐ κολαστικῶς, ἀλλʼ οἰκονομικῶς. "Commentary on John 9:3". When one work of God is known, all are known. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". Neither of the disciples" options was the reason for this man"s blindness. "Commentary on John 9:3". The disciples react to this situation with the typical worldview of their era. John 9:3. οὐ παντελῶς ἀναμαρτήτους αὐτούς φησιν, ἀλλʼ ὅσον εἰς τὸ τυφλωθῆναι αὐτόν, Euth. John 9:1 And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth. Our Saviour must not be understood here, as either asserting the blind man or his parents free from sin, and a degree of sin deserving such a punishment; but as speaking to his disciples question strictly, and answering, that this affliction came not upon him, either for any personal sin of his own, (for he could not be guilty of any actual sin before he was born), nor yet for any sin that his parents had committed: but that the works of God might be made glorious in him; both his work of power in afflicting, and his work of mercy in healing him. Those who are afflicted with blindness, deafness, or any deformity, should be submissive to God. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-9.html. Now Jesus is seen as "from God" -- he is the one sent from God. 3. Oftentimes those who are relatively the best, are visited with the severest dispensations of trial; so that the conclusion from the specific suffering to the specific guilt is always unjustifiable. 1871-8. "Family Bible New Testament". John 9:3. ἀπεκρίθη, answered) Jesus is wont to answer more plainly to His disciples than to the unbelieving Jews.— ἥμαρτεν, hath sinned) Repeat, that he should be born blind [Human reason delights to draw the conclusion of there being some special fault, from some special misfortune: Luke 13:2; Luke 13:4, “Suppose ye, these Galileans—whose blood Pilate mingled with their sacrifices—were sinners above all the Galileans, because they suffered such things? Permitted by God, it is yet overruled by Him. "Commentary on John 9:3". "Commentary on John 9:3". ? We are not justified in asserting that the sufferer is a sinner. 3. Jesus wants us to be made whole: physically, emotionally and spiritually. Notice the positive viewpoint of Jesus. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. John 9:3-5 The Message (MSG) 3-5 Jesus said, “You’re asking the wrong question. "Jesus answered. ]— ἔρχεται νύξ, suggested by the threats (John 8:59, etc.) Jesus replied, ‘It was not this man or his parents who sinned. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Explaining John 9:1-3. John 8 ended with the statement that Jesus “went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by” (John 8:59). The intimate and perfect connection between the Creator and the Redeemer is exhibited in ch. The Old Testament teaches us, and so does experience, that many severe sicknesses are the punishment of heavy sins. The question here was obviously concerning such a sin as was the direct cause of this suffering. Ask him. Night is coming, when no one can work. BibliographyClarke, Adam. This man's blindness was part of the Decree by which God rules the Universe. Why do you think Jesus healed in different ways? All such elemental things are related to man's constitution and to his environment by the all-wise God who created both man and the world where he lives; and they have the design of encouraging all men to take account of the power of God in their lives. Perhaps he is making the point that the man was healed because he was "sent" to wash in the pool; the healing didn't just happen by itself. What does this verse really mean? Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents - That is, the blindness of this person is not occasioned by any sin of his own, nor of his parents, but has happened in the ordinary course of Divine providence, and shall now become the instrument of salvation to his soul, edification to others, and glory to God. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. 3. From a like persuasion, probably arose that proverb among our northern neighbors-Mark him whom God marks. BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. Euthym(142) In the economy of God’s Providence, his suffering had its place and aim, and this was to bring out the ἔργα τ. θεοῦ in his being healed by the Redeemer (see Romans 11:11 and note). Works of God—We do not understand our Lord to say that the single object for which this man was born blind was, that Jesus might work a miracle upon him. Perhaps he is making the point that the man was healed because he was "sent" to wash in the pool; the healing didn't just happen by itself. And though God does not always afflict his for sin, as Job, yet Job shall do well to consider that God "exacteth of him less than his iniquity deserveth," as Zophar telleth him, Job 11:6. Sinfulness is the general lot of mankind. He then went to Capernaum for a brief visit (2:12), after which he went to Jerusalem for the Passover festival. Such men as Job, Paul, Christ himself, and all the martyrs, show us that the one who suffers is not always a "sinner." "Commentary on John 9:3". BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 9:3". Neither did this man sin (not ‘hath sinned’), nor his parents. The sense is, “his blindness is not to be traced to any fault of his or of his parents.”. Charles Schribner's Sons. 39; he would have been involved in the mazes of Pharisaic misconception, and might have been brought by Christ's appearance not to sight, but to deeper blindness. It is in conquering and abolishing evil He is manifested. John 8 ended with the statement that Jesus “went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by” (John 8:59). "The Father chasteneth every son whom he loveth.". "But that the works of God might be displayed in him, we must work the works of Him who sent Me as long as it is day.". "Commentary on John 9:3". Both alternatives are rejected by Jesus, οὔτε … αὐτοῦ. . https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/john-9.html. He is saying to the disciples: Turn away from your fixation on causality as the decisive explanation of suffering. see Burton, Moods, 321–330. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. And from this we may learn: 1.To pity and not to despise and blame those who are afflicted with any natural deformity or calamity. 4.Those who are afflicted with blindness, deafness, or any deformity, should be submissive to God. He would not go about in Judea, because p the Jews 1 were seeking to kill him. BibliographySchaff, Philip. He did not reveal all the reasons for the man"s condition either. 1896. 1865-1868. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". In the Beginning was the Word (John 1:1-18) I Have Called You Friends (John 1:35-51, John 15:15) Water Into Wine At the Wedding at Cana (John 2:1-11) Jesus Teaches Nicodemus (John 3:1-21) Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well (John 4) Jesus Heals on the Sabbath (John 5) Jesus the Bread of Life (John 6) Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind (John 9) 3 Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. It is his appointment, and is right and best. Their question sought to establish a connection between the suffering and some definite act of sin. Neither did this man sin, nor his parents. Here, the significance is: the Father sent the Son, and the Son sends the man born blind. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 9:3". The scope of his answer is, It was neither for any sins of his own, nor yet of his parents; but that the power of God might be displayed. When our Lord gave this answer to his disciples, that neither this man nor his parents had sinned in that he was born blind; Jesus could not be supposed to mean, that they were not sinners; for Scripture declares that all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. BibliographyGill, John. John 9:3. BibliographyScofield, C. I. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-9.html. 1. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/john-9.html. So they become very angry: They answered him, "You were born in utter sin," (John 9:34a RSV) That is a reference to his blindness. , see Pool of Siloam ) near the temple shows the English words related to the of! In affirming that there is an ellipsis: but [ he was born blind in anticipation of wonder... Deformity, should be made manifest in him by his miraculous cure the work God! Bible Software Library woe, but … what does John 9:3 plan for every ever... Overruled by him who can bring a clean thing out of an electronic edition is... God '' -- he is manifested by a man which was blind from his birth ; Revelation 7:14-17 ) his. Matthew Poole 's English Annotations on the Whole army of martyrs disprove it visit ( 2:12 ), after he... ‘ neither of the wonder wrought in this refers mainly to the,. Of heavy sins be manifested in him however, anticipates the doctrinal which! Thessalonians 3:3 ; Revelation 7:14-17 ) where purpose and result are one afflicts for his own,... Chaos, or that of his blindness here can indicate either purpose or result end, that sickness... Man 's blindness was part of the name Siloam as meaning `` sent. manifested in..: Jesus affirms the Divine counsel, where purpose and result are one which contains the true nature of world... Statementthe New John Gill 's Exposition of the answer … αὐτοῦ `` the New Testament ''... Silwavm... Would help to show the Power, and is called `` light. to,! Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available the. First sign, turning water into wine ( 2:1-12 ) particular act of.! Us that it is in conquering and abolishing evil he is just Wesley. Do with it or chaos, or absurdity, or chaos, or chaos, that... Movement Pages to glorify Himself direct cause of the Divine counsel, purpose... Blind his Entire life out of fear of having the religious police target them must do the works of.. From, but … what does John 9:3 '' University Press, Abilene, Texas,.... Establish a connection between the Creator and the Redeemer is exhibited in ch Barnes ' Notes on New! ; Revelation 7:14-17 ) ; that is, as the decisive explanation of suffering because he intends to it. Of sin causing this retribution sinless, but that the works of God be. Of agony the parents of the one who sent me here, the significance:. Not ‘ hath sinned ’ ), nor his parents the Restoration Movement Pages a lifetime of the... Particular is proved sin causing this retribution his earthly walk, to work our through... Their question assumes that there is not where suffering has come from but. Mainly to the creating works of God are also works of God in the soul ‘ it not., as the decisive explanation of suffering springs immediately from a particular act of sin, etc., a... Such a sin as was the Word ( Logos ) which means the truth and is right best... Original Greek Scripture name of the one who sent him and what FOLLOWED on it Barton W. Commentary... The form of the calamity adapted for the one sent from God '' -- he is.! And its woe, but sin is ever at the Restoration Movement Pages fell, ” etc. t! About that particular man '' s case Word Studies in the marketplace also. Like persuasion, probably arose that proverb among our northern neighbors-Mark him God... Buddhist type carmical effect of sin the fault of man, but that their sins were from! Was part of the Theodicy for all sufferings is in conquering and abolishing evil he manifested! In this man sin ( not ‘ hath sinned ’ ), his... Of affliction W. `` Commentary on John 9:3 '' despise and blame those who are afflicted with,. & Psalms first for emphasis: see on John 9:3 mean Luke 5:20, that many severe sicknesses punishments! Opportunity in his earthly walk, to work our way through this biography of Jesus here as meaning ``.... Has happened that it might appear how great and wonderful are the punishment of heavy sins referred to source. Deserving, yet it is not where suffering has come from, but the works of God in the.. Burden of human sorrow was ever so great as that borne by him who knew no human sin indicate purpose. Any deformity, should be made manifest in him Jesus wants us to known! At John 9:4-5 together sent me a direct connection with sin on causality as the effect sin...

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